I love the apple Garden for the beauty during the flowering period and for the juicy, tasty fruits. But, as practice shows, growing an Garden is an occupation that requires certain knowledge and skills. For the trees to be healthy and give a good harvest, the garden needs timely care – tree pruning, fertilisation, protection of the trunk and leaves from pests. Today we’ll talk about protecting the garden and how to Treat the apple tree? diseases apple tree? Types of apple pests? etc.
Table of Contents
- Common diseases apple tree
- Apple pests and treatments
- Recommended Readings
Common diseases apple tree
Many diseases of the apple tree are known. I have studied some of them. In order not to run into them in your garden, it is important to regularly treat apple trees for diseases.
Powdery mildew of apple – disease apple tree
A fungal disease of the apple tree that affects the shoots, buds, leaves and bark of the tree. Signs of apple disease are a dark Gray bloom on the leaves, which gradually turns brown, with dark dots. The main cause of this disease is excessive soil moisture. The foliage turns yellow and crumbles, young shoots stop developing, the fruitfulness of the tree decreases.
Even winter is not terrible for the causative agent of the disease, the mycelium hibernates in the trunk and in the spring the disease continues to destroy the tree. Treatment and prevention begins with the spring treatment of apple trees for the disease with a solution of colloidal sulphur 70% 2-3 times daily during the appearance of the first leaves. Further, we reduce the frequency of spraying to 1-2 times every 14 days. After harvesting, the apple tree is sprayed with a solution of copper sulphate or Bordeaux liquid 1%.
apple scab – treatment
Fungal disease that affects the leaves of the tree and passes on to the fruit. A brown bloom appears on the leaves, they dry and fall off, the growth of fruits slows down or stops altogether. Treatment for the disease is carried out in three stages.
In early spring, we treat the tree with copper chloride, when the first leaves appear – with a urea solution, and after harvesting we spray the apple tree with Bordeaux liquid or a solution of copper sulfate. As a preventive measure for the disease in the fall, we must remove dried foliage, branches and fruits.
Apple Fruit bitter rot – Treatment
Disease moniliosis (fruit bitter rot) – Common diseases apple tree. If the apple tree is infected with scab disease and has not been treated for apple pests, the risk of moniliosis (fruit bitter rot) is increased. Brown spots appear on already ripe fruits, which quickly spread, affecting new fruits. Transmitted by touch; affected fruits are not edible. Among the preventive measures are the timely disposal of the tree from infected fruits and the spraying of Bordeaux liquid 3%. During the growing season, a 1% solution is suitable.
Apple Cytosporosis – Treatment
Apple Cytosporosis is a fungal apple disease of the bark of the apple tree. First, dark ulcers appear on the bark of the apple tree, which gradually enlarge and turn into reddish-brown lesions. The branches fall off, if you do not take action, the tree dies. The causes of the disease are considered violations of the watering regime of the plant and poor soils.
For Treatment of the Apple Cytosporosis disease, you will have to remove the affected branches. Spray the tree with a special Hom preparation until the buds swell. Further, until flowering, treat the trees with a solution of copper sulphate. After flowering, treat again with Hom. Whitewashing the trunks in spring and late autumn is also an excellent preventive measure. Before the winter cold, feed the trees with fertilisers containing phosphorus and potassium.
Bacteriosis – diseases apple tree and Treatment
Bacteriosis (fire blight) is a dangerous disease that can kill a tree in just a month. The onset of the disease is the appearance of small droplets (exudate) on the apple tree.
As a preventive measure, gardeners are advised to purchase seedlings only in proven places, carefully examine the purchase and disinfect the soil with a solution of copper sulfate.
Apple pests and treatments
The treatment of apple trees from pests / pests control depends on the type of insect that has captured the apple tree. There are several types ofapple pests :
- Wood apple pests (bark beetle, tick) penetrate deep into the trunk. It is difficult to remove them without injuring the tree.
- Insects that feed on foliage (hawthorn, gold tail, leaf-worm, honeydew, larvae and caterpillars of the ringed silkworm, winter moth, apple broom and moth).
- Fruit-eating insects (leaf roll, sawfly and moth). They do not destroy the plant, but they are capable of destroying the crop.
- Insects that feed on sap (blood aphid and green apple aphid).
To begin with, it is important to determine what kind of apple pests we are dealing with, and then decide how to spray the apple trees. Spraying with Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate solution or urea will help against pests of the tree trunk. Do not forget to whitewash the trunks 2 times a year.
- Foliage apple pests are harvested by hand and burned.
- Fruit-eating apple insects, as a rule, wait out the winter in the near-trunk soil circle. Digging up the earth next to the tree will help get rid of them.
- The most dangerous are wood apple pests. They destroy the trunk of the tree, which leads to the rapid death of the tree. The most difficult thing is to deal with the bark beetle. If holes are found in the trunk, carefully pierce each hole with a wire to destroy the beetle itself. Then pour in the apple tree insecticide with a syringe.
In the fight against diseases apple tree and apple pests, most often the same means are used. Do not forget about prevention and timely soil disinfection. Burn the infected and fallen parts of the tree, preferably outside the site. And then your apple Garden will delight you with beauty and delicious fruits for many years.